台灣留學生出席國際會議補助

2009年12月30日星期三

Imperial Terrains: Decolonization, Nationalisms and Diasporic Interventions in Diaoyutai Movement

王穎(加州大學聖地牙哥校區文學系)

 

http://www.cultural-typhoon.org/

 

透過重訪1969-72年席捲北美台灣留學生與台灣本島學生的保釣運動,本論文試圖論證兩點:其一,美國在冷戰時期對東亞無孔不入的干預,迄今猶有諸多空白等待結構性與歷史性的釐清;其二,戰後台灣在戒嚴前後由官方授意的國族史論述,實際上在對立與互補之間產生了許多問題,需要嚴肅細心地面對。本文藉由閱讀整理太平洋兩岸台灣學生保釣運動當時與事後的出版品、文學創作、自傳與回憶錄、座談發言等文獻,比較了北美和台灣兩地運動在背景和策略上的分歧,而正是在此一脈絡下,本文分析美國在冷戰時期所扮演的多重角色(尤其是帝國霸權的角色),如何顯著影響了太平洋兩岸與海峽兩岸對於「中國」的形塑與表述。進一步,本文指出,當今史論對於二戰之後渡海移植的中華民國與中共所建的中華人民共和國,或者對論戒嚴前與後的台灣,往往襲用既成二元框架,失之粗糙簡化,其中許多癥結顯見於當今台灣對於釣運同時並存的無感失憶與片面追憶之中。對此,如何有效介入權力與知識的循環使力,顯然是知識分子沈重而久遠的責任。

 

With the case of a phenomenal but ephemeral student movement that mobilized thousands of Taiwanese student in the US and at home to come to defense of Diaoyutai Islands from 1969 to 1972, this paper takes questions of the un(der)recognized powerful American presence in  Cold War East Asia and of interlocking problems constituted by state-endorsed national histories dominating postwar Taiwan. Revisiting how and why the movement erupted in 1969 across several cities and college towns in the US, and comparing differences of agenda and tactics between the transpacific interventions, the paper argues the multiple roles played America have significant impacts on varied formations of "China" across both the Pacific and Taiwan Strait. In reflections of the man-made bifurcations imposed on Chiang Kai-shek's transplanted Republic of China and Chinese Communist Party's establishment of People's Republic of China, Taiwan during and after Martial Law Period (1949-87), the presently coexisting oblivion to as well as partisan remembrance of Diaoyutai movement suggest many efforts are yet to be taken for coping with problems caused by the circular reinforcement of power and knowledge.